According to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) website:
“Under Chapter VII of the Charter, the Security Council can take enforcement measures to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such measures range from economic and/or other sanctions not involving the use of armed force to international military action.
The use of mandatory sanctions is intended to apply pressure on a State or entity to comply with the objectives set by the Security Council without resorting to the use of force. Sanctions thus offer the Security Council an important instrument to enforce its decisions. The universal character of the United Nations makes it an especially appropriate body to establish and monitor such measures.
The Council has resorted to mandatory sanctions as an enforcement tool when peace has been threatened and diplomatic efforts have failed. The range of sanctions has included comprehensive economic and trade sanctions and/or more targeted measures such as arms embargoes, travel bans, financial or diplomatic restrictions.”
Global Conflict Analysis presents a list of ten noteworthy countries subject to these sanctions:
Number 10: Democratic Republic of Congo
Under UNSC Resolution 1533 (2004) the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is prevented from the export of:
- Arms and related materiel of all types including -
- military vehicles
- military equipment;
- paramilitary equipment;
- Military aircraft of all types; and
- Spare parts of any item falling under paragraph (a) or (b).